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Lypo-Spheric™ Vitamin C
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Lypo-Spheric™ R-Alpha Lipoic Acid
Lypo-Spheric™ B Complex

Dr. Thomas E. Levy, board certified cardiologist and world renown vitamin C expert, on ihealthtube.com

A Farmer, A Body Builder and A Prize Winning Cocker Spaniel...

What could a New Zealand Farmer, a Body Builder and a Cocker Spaniel named Maggie all have in common? Vitamin C is the common denominator. Of course this is a special Vitamin C... Lypo-Spheric Vitamin C based on a...

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Liposome Science Articles

Liposome Science Articles

Essential phospholipids: What they are

Without these amazing molecules your body would be a puddle of messy goo...

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The importance of bioavailability

The importance of bioavailability

failure to understand bioavailability often results in taking too much or too little of a supplement...

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What are liposomes?

What are liposomes, exactly?

These little bubbles accomplish "miraculous" things...

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Liposome Science

So what are liposomes, exactly?

diagram of phospholipid
Representation of a phospholipid molecule showing phosphate head (orange), the glycerol shoulders (blue) and the fatty acid tails (silver)
Liposomes are bilayer (double-layer), liquid-filled bubbles made from phospholipids. Over 50 years ago, researchers discovered that these spheres could be filled with therapeutic agents and used to protect and deliver these agents into the body and even into specific cells of the body.

The bilayer structure of liposomes is nearly identical to the bilayer construction of the cell membranes that surround each of the cells in the human body. This occurs because of the unique composition of phospholipids. The phosphate (source of "phospho" in phospholipid) head of phospholipids is hydrophilic — it loves water — whereas the fatty-acid tails (lipids) are hydrophobic — they hate water.

Split liposome showing vitamin C encapsulation
Liposome containing vitamin C. Currently liposome-encapsulation is the best oral way to deliver vitamin C known to man.
When phospholipids find themselves in a water-based solution, the hydrophobic tails quickly move to distance themselves from the liquid just like oil separates from vinegar. So, as all the tails turn inward and all the heads turn toward the liquid, they form a double-layered membrane.

Liposome cutaway showing bilayer structure
This diagram of a liposome cutaway shows how the tails of phospholipids turn inward to form a bilayer membrane, and encapsulate a therapeutic agent.
Although research has not clearly shown how the therapeutic agents in a liposome are actually released, there are a couple of theories. One theory suggests that the phospholipids are processed in the liver as fats and that this process releases the vitamin C. Another theory proposes that cells all over the body, hungry for phospholipid materials to repair cell membranes and other cellular structures, "steal" these materials from the liposome allowing their contents to leak out.

Quite possibly both processes occur. In any case, the therapeutic value and greatly increased delivery of liposome-encapsulated drugs and nutrients has been scientifically confirmed countless times. At present, liposomes are the most effective oral way to deliver nutrients.